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Philip II 

Philip II

Philip II was King of Spain from 1556 to 1598. He was also King of Portugal from 1580, and King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until his death in 1598. He was also jure uxoris King of England and Ireland from his marriage to Queen Mary I in 1554 until her death in 1558.[1] He was also Duke of Milan from 1540.[2] From 1555, he was Lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands.

He was born at Valladolid on 21 May 1527, the only son of Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal . His education was chiefly in the hands of the clergy and he grew up a cold and bigoted man. In 1543 he married Maria of Portugal, and upon her death which occurred in 1554, he married Mary I of England; after her demise, in 1558, Philip married Elizabeth, the daughter of Henry II of France, and when she died in 1568, he married Anna, the daughter of Maximilian II. By his fourth wife Philip had a son, his successor, Philip III.

The Spanish conquests of the Inca Empire and of the Philippines were completed during his reign and under him Spain reached the height of its influence and power,

During Philip II’s reign the Mexico City mint coined only silver, the amount being estimated at $122,000,000.

Assayers of the Mexico City Mint

Philip II coins are found with the following assayer's initials.

Initial Name Began on Left office on